Sustainable development of the world’s natural resources requires careful consideration of the potential environmental impacts of proposed projects or even policies. During the development and planning phase of a project or policy, EEMS prepares and leads an analytical process to predict potential impacts on the environment and assesses their significance, in conjunction with a public consultation program. Contemporary principles of risk assessment and management and impact mitigation are applied to developments that have the potential to impact on the natural, health, social and economic environments. This system approach includes a review of the possible cumulative impacts of the proposed project in the context of other existing and planned developments.
EIA is the assessment of impacts of a project on the natural, health, social and economic environments. In Nigeria and most countries of the world, EIA is a statutory requirement for all new projects or major modifications or expansion projects that are likely to have significant impact on the environment.
The EIA is an input into the project definition, basis for preliminary and detailed design, construction and installation, operation and maintenance and decommissioning and end-of-project phases.